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How rural is too rural for transit?: Optimal transit subsidies and supply in rural areas
Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Transportekonomi, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9235-0232
The University of Glasgow.
KU Leuven.
Responsible organisation
2020 (English)In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 88, article id 102859Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The optimal supply of rail and bus in low density areas is studied by calibrating a demand and supply model with three modes (car, bus and rail) to an existing low density corridor. Varying the length of the network, the frequencies and the size of the populations, allows to study the trade-off between the consumer surplus losses of the public transport users and the transit operation and maintenance costs savings. We find that for an existing rail network, the optimization of frequency is the prime source of welfare gains. The rail network is marginally beneficial in the sense that keeping the network is welfare improving as long as there is no major repair or replacement investment needed. When population in the smaller towns decreases strongly, it becomes welfare improving to close the existing rail network but a bus service remains beneficial for at least part of the network. © 2020 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2020. Vol. 88, article id 102859
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
FOI-portföljer, Planera
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:trafikverket:diva-5771DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102859Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85090581637OAI: oai:DiVA.org:trafikverket-5771DiVA, id: diva2:1734415
Projects
Optimal kollektivtrafik och optimala subvensioner, i storstad, småstad och i glesbyggd.
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, TRV 2018/27924Available from: 2023-02-06 Created: 2023-02-06 Last updated: 2023-02-07Bibliographically approved

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Börjesson, Maria

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