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Publikasjoner (4 av 4) Visa alla publikasjoner
Börjesson, M., Fung, C. M. & Proost, S. (2020). How rural is too rural for transit?: Optimal transit subsidies and supply in rural areas. Journal of Transport Geography, 88, Article ID 102859.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>How rural is too rural for transit?: Optimal transit subsidies and supply in rural areas
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 88, artikkel-id 102859Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The optimal supply of rail and bus in low density areas is studied by calibrating a demand and supply model with three modes (car, bus and rail) to an existing low density corridor. Varying the length of the network, the frequencies and the size of the populations, allows to study the trade-off between the consumer surplus losses of the public transport users and the transit operation and maintenance costs savings. We find that for an existing rail network, the optimization of frequency is the prime source of welfare gains. The rail network is marginally beneficial in the sense that keeping the network is welfare improving as long as there is no major repair or replacement investment needed. When population in the smaller towns decreases strongly, it becomes welfare improving to close the existing rail network but a bus service remains beneficial for at least part of the network. © 2020 The Authors

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
FOI-portföljer, Planera
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:trafikverket:diva-5771 (URN)10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102859 (DOI)2-s2.0-85090581637 (Scopus ID)
Prosjekter
Optimal kollektivtrafik och optimala subvensioner, i storstad, småstad och i glesbyggd.
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Transport Administration, TRV 2018/27924
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-02-06 Laget: 2023-02-06 Sist oppdatert: 2023-02-07bibliografisk kontrollert
West, J., Börjesson, M. & Engelsson, L. (2016). Forecasting effects of congestion charges.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Forecasting effects of congestion charges
2016 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This paper performs an ex-post evaluation of the transport model forecast of the effects of the Gothenburg congestion charges, implemented in 2013. We find that the predicted traffic reductions across the cordon and travel time gains were close to those observed in the peak. However, the reduction in traffic across the cordon was under-predicted in off-peak. The design of the charging system implies that the path disutility cannot be computed as a sum of link attributes. The route choice model is therefore implemented as a hierarchical algorithm, including a continuous value of travel time (VTT) distribution. The VTT distribution was estimated from stated choice (SC) data, but had to be adjusted to be consistent with observed outcome. One reason for the discrepancy may be that VTT inferred from SC data does not reveal travellers’ long-term preferences. Another reason may be that apart from distance, travel time and charge there are other factors that determine drivers’ route choice.

Publisher
s. 18
Serie
Trafikverkets forskningsportföljer
Emneord
Congestion charging, Evaluation (assessment), Mathematical model, Congestion relief, Route (itinerary), Choice
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
FOI-portföljer, Äldre portföljer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:trafikverket:diva-5985 (URN)
Prosjekter
Trängselavgifter i Göteborg - effekter och modellvalidering
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Transport Administration, TRV 2013/87960
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-06 Laget: 2023-03-03
West, J. & Börjesson, M. (2016). The Gothenburg congestion charges: CBA and equity.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Gothenburg congestion charges: CBA and equity
2016 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This paper performs an ex-post cost- benefit and equity analysis of the Gothenburg congestion charges introduced in 2013. We base the analysis on observed effects transport model that is able to predict the effect of the charges on travel times and traffic volumes with high accuracy. We find that the net social benefit of the charge is positive. However, we also show that the system is regressive. Low income citizens pay a larger share of their income for three reasons. First, all income classes are highly car dependent in Gothenburg, due to the relatively low public transport share. Second, workers in the highest income class have considerably higher access to company cars, and are therefore either exempt from paying the charge, or can deduce the charge from their income tax. Third, high income individuals have higher values of time. Moreover, the revenue is spent mainly on a rail tunnel, which primarily benefits commuters residing far out in the region.

Publisher
s. 27
Serie
Trafikverkets forskningsportföljer
Emneord
Congestion charging, Evaluation (assessment), Mathematical model, Congestion relief, Journey time, Social factors, Cost benefit analysis
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
FOI-portföljer, Äldre portföljer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:trafikverket:diva-6000 (URN)
Prosjekter
Trängselavgifter i Göteborg - effekter och modellvalidering
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Transport Administration, TRV 2013/87960
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-06 Laget: 2023-03-03
Börjesson, M. & Kristofferesson, I. (2015). The gothenburg congestion charge. Effects, design and politics. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 75, 134-146
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The gothenburg congestion charge. Effects, design and politics
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 75, s. 134-146Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper summarizes the traffic effects of the Gothenburg congestion charges introduced in 2013. The system is similar to the system introduced in Stockholm in 2006; both are designed as time-of-day dependent cordon pricing systems. We find that many effects and adaptation strategies are similar to those found in Stockholm, indicating a high transferability between smaller and larger cities with substantial differences in public transport use. However, there are also important differences regarding some of the effects, the accuracy of the model forecasts and public support arising from different topologies, public transport use, congestion levels and main objectives communicated to the public. Finally, the Gothenburg case suggests that whether congestion charges are introduced or not depends on the support among the political parties, and that this is determined primarily by the prevailing institutional setting and power over revenues, and to a lower extent by the public support, and benefits from congestion reduction.

Emneord
Behavioural adaptation, Congestion charges, Public support, Tolling system, Traffic effects, Transferability
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
FOI-portföljer, Äldre portföljer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:trafikverket:diva-5986 (URN)10.1016/j.tra.2015.03.011 (DOI)000354589000010 ()2-s2.0-84926333535 (Scopus ID)
Prosjekter
Trängselavgifter i Göteborg - effekter och modellvalidering
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Transport Administration, TRV 2013/87960
Merknad

QC 20150512

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-04-21 Laget: 2023-03-03
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9235-0232
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